An Abatement is the suspension of rent payment to the Landlord after failing an inspection within the allowable time-frame.
That’s why it’s very important you pass or AT LEAST TRY to pass the 1st time. If the problem is a life threatening or a serious health and safety violation, you must correct the problem within 24 hours. Inspector will advise you.
You might fail for something you missed or didn’t notice, but believe me, you will kick yourself in the back if you fail for one of “the usual suspects”, like smoke detectors, stove burners not working, loose handrail, outlets… Being prepared for the inspection is the key.